How pharmacists can fight antibiotic resistance?

How pharmacists can fight antibiotic resistance? Hi, I’m Shalida de Thani from the Canadian Pharmacists Association. I want to wish you a happy Antibiotic Awareness Week. 

Did you know that more than half of all antibiotic prescriptions in Canada are not even necessary and that antibiotics have risks? They have side effects, and as you know, they can contribute to animal resistance.  

Ways to combat antibiotic resistance

So here are four ways that pharmacists can fight antibiotics resistance:  

1. Education

Cold season right now, but no amount of antibiotics are going to get rid of that cool fluids. 

Rest and over-the-counter pain medication by the way to go. If your patients need a prescription for antibiotics, make sure you talk to them about whether they need to finish the entire or not.  

Sometimes they don’t, and recent studies suggest that shorter courses are smarter and remember. 

You can use best practices, evidence, and guidelines to talk to prescribers and patients about choosing the right antibiotics for the right patient. Over 90 percent of antibiotics are prescribed in the community. Pharmacists can help educate prescribers and patients on using them wisely. 

2. Health promotion and prevention. 

So pharmacists give flu shots, so we’re already involved in programs around Immunizing against viruses, and even some bacteria. 

Use those opportunities to talk to your patients about the appropriate use of antibiotics. Remind them of the really simple things they can do to control and prevent infections like thorough hand washing

3. Appropriate prescribing in some provinces.  

Pharmacists can prescribe antibiotics independently for strep throat and for urinary tract infections, which, by the way, is the fifth most common reason for emergency department visits in many settings.  

Pharmacists work with other healthcare practitioners and have a direct role in influencing the type of antibiotic that’s chosen for a patient.

An issue there’s evidence showing that when pharmacists prescribed for uncomplicated UTIs symptoms are resolved in ninety percent of patients and they can access pharmacist care on average a day earlier than their physician.

4. Continue to develop. 

Those great relationships that you have with the physicians that you work with a pharmacist can engage with prescribers to help influence. Even change some of the antibiotic decisions that they’ve made for patients during prescribing. 

We get a more comprehensive electronic health record in this country. Pharmacists will have even more information to guide the right decisions towards the right antibiotics for the Right patient. 

There you have it, four things pharmacists can do right now to help fight this global health.

Read also about the misuse of dextromethorphan.

What are antibiotics and why do we take them

Antibiotics are medicines containing molecules usually produced by bacteria or fungi. It is used to treat a variety of infections that are natural immunity. Oftentimes struggles to fight off the surrender, piteous discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming in 1928, and its first use over a decade later.

On Albert Alexander who had been hospitalized after being scratched by a rose thorn. Changed the course of medicine forever today close to a century. After this discovery was made, things have become far more complicated.

What is Antibiotic resistance?

Antibiotic resistance has become one of the most pressing public health issues of our time. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria evolved to become unaffected by the antibiotics that are used to treat the infections they caused. This evolution of resistance is mediated by the rapid occurrence of mutations that block or strengthen the defenses of bacteria against antibiotics.

This phenomenon is the result of rampant overuse, underuse, and misuse of antibiotics along with consumption of low-quality medicines. Incorrect prescriptions and poor infection prevention and control measures.

Antibiotics used in animal rising the antibiotics resistance

Antibiotics used in animal rearing also contribute to the rise of resistant microorganisms and migration into Humans. In the past case, the country is suffering a double whammy of bacterial infections as a significant public health burden on one hand, and the growing difficulty of treating these conditions with commonly used. Antibiotics on the other.

The costs associated with creating drug-resistant cases of infectious diseases also causes a strain on state coffers and the health system.

Overall, the National Public Health Laboratory, with technical support From the World Health Organization, has been conducting laboratory-based antimicrobial resistance or EMR surveillance since 2005.

In 2014, the ministry of health and population had endorsed the antibiotic treatment guidelines designed to aid rational use of antibiotics in the country. At this critical juncture, how can we contribute to fighting antibiotics resistance?

Tips on fight antibiotic resistance:

  1. Only use antibiotics when prescribed by a certified health Professional
  2. Always take the full prescription, even if you feel better never use leftover antibiotics.
  3. Never share antibiotics with others.
  4. Prevent infections by regularly washing your hands
  5. Avoiding contact with ill patients and
  6. Keeping your vaccinations up-to-date.

We must accelerate action if we want to avoid returning to a point in time where a small scratch from a thorn could kill.

What does antibiotic resistance look like?

Americans are among the highest consumers of antibiotics in the world. To see why that’s a problem, watch this experiment in which bacteria are dropped into a solution containing a potent, broad-spectrum antibiotic.

Read more article like this (fight antibiotic resistance) in pharmacist life.

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About the Author: Rijani, S.Far, Apt.

Hello my name is Rijani, S.Far., Apt. I graduated from pharmacy school in 2009 at Sanata Dharma of Pharmacy and Ahmad Dahlan University. I am a big believer in that you get out of life what you put in. This is my way of giving back and helping future pharmacists as well as current ones.