Over-the-counter drugs: The Misuse of Dextromethorphan

Dextromethorphan misuse. According to the substance, abuse and mental health services administration, an estimated 3. 1 million people between the age of 12 to 25 years old, misused over-the-counter cough and cold medications.

Misuse of dextromethorphan

Over-The-Counter drugs, also known as OTCs, are medicines that can be sold directly to people with other prescriptions. Drug abuse is not limited to street drugs and, besides marijuana in the US, the most commonly abused drugs are legal medicines.

Abuse of OTCs includes taking medicine in a way or dose even directed on the package taking medicine for the affected causes, for example, to get high and mixing OTC medicines to create new products.

Dextromethorphan also known as DXM, is a cough suppressant found in many OTC cold medicines. It is recognized as a substance of abuse in the United States And around the world. It is a synthetically produced drug that is available in more than 140 over-the-counter cough and cold preparations.

What medicines contain dextromethorphan?

Some of these include Tylenol cough and cold Theraflu, Vicks. It was first approved by the FDA and released in the 1950s, but it quickly became a significant drug of abuse and was eventually removed from the market. Manufacturers reintroduced The drug with an unpleasant taste to decrease the prevalence of drug abuse.

However, sales decreased and this force manufacturers to enhance the taste. This caused a drug to become a significant drug of abuse, again, mostly with younger people. DXM attaches to receptors in the brain, called NMDA receptors, and stops their activity.

It works to suppress a cough by decreasing activity in the area of the brain, which is responsible for eliciting a cough in High doses. DXM blocks these receptors, leading to impairment and learning and memory process studies show high doses of DXM include approximately 400 milligrams of DBM Per 70-kilogram person.

DXM abuse can produce adverse effects, such as panic mania, hallucinations, stolen labor, breathing blurred vision, constipation dizziness, and seizures to prevent misuse of OTC s that have the exam. You need to follow the Recommendations as described by the OTC drug. You should also be aware of the drug’s potencies and effects before ingestion.

Does ginger and honey help & cure cough?

If you need assistance, you should ask a pharmacist at your local pharmacy or also a doctor. Several studies have suggested the use of natural alternative medicines, such as honey and ginger, to prevent or relieve a cough.

A dose of 2.5 milliliters of honey before bed has been shown to alleviate cough-related symptoms as efficiently as The exam through its anti-inflammatory properties. Ginger also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects that suppress respiratory sensitivities without the side effects caused by the exam overall. It is not bad to take medications with DXN.

If you present symptoms of cough and cold. However, it is important to be mindful of the drug’s effects to avoid the misuse of DXM alternative medicines, as previously mentioned, like ginger and honey, which can be taken instead of the exam to manage your flu-like symptoms.

In pharmacist life, you’ll find these problems daily.

The Dangers of over-the-counter medicines

In today’s health alert, research shows 81 % of adults use over-the-counter medicines as a first response when they’re sick or they get hurt. It’s a fast and easy way to self-medicate.

But three medications are commonly misused. Detroit cardiologist and best-selling author dr. Joel Cohn is here to talk about these things and how not to use them first off.

I’m seeing some common things that I use Here. So what do we need to know about misusing them? Well, there are just a few easy steps like it’s so cold out, a lot of people are gonna get colds and flu people will turn to cold preparations. They’ll turn to you know acetaminophen for aches and pains.

So number one, everybody should read the box for the actual directions on over-the-counter medicine. They are medicines and there are carefully crafted warnings about what to use and when.

Number two, they should read the dose. If two are good, that doesn’t mean ten times are better. Particularly when you’re dealing with something like acetaminophen.

So long you might try them, for these are all kind of home remedies which is great but it’ll, say don’t do it for more than two days or four days or seven days. You really got to stick to that.

The one that concerns me most is heartburn? The first word is the heart and heartburn medicines once in a while. That’s not stomach, so you know to check with your doctor, check with the pharmacist if there’s any question.

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About the Author: Rijani, S.Far, Apt.

Hello my name is Rijani, S.Far., Apt. I graduated from pharmacy school in 2009 at Sanata Dharma of Pharmacy and Ahmad Dahlan University. I am a big believer in that you get out of life what you put in. This is my way of giving back and helping future pharmacists as well as current ones.